Nowadays, nanoscale materials have been highlighted for their extraordinary physical- chemical properties. Noble metal nanostructures, Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Carbon nanomaterials, and Hybrid nanomaterials have unique properties and potential practical applications in multidisciplinary research fields. These nanomaterials can be chemically bio- conjugated with biomolecules (proteins, antibodies, nucleic acids, etc) with excellent biocompatibility e many applications. Some interesting phenomena, such as charge and energy transfer, localized surface plasmon resonance, chemical reactions on the surface, luminescence emission, etc., have enabled nanomaterials for several applications in biosensing.
Colloidal solutions of such nano-bio-conjugates have several mechanisms with potential for biosensing applications; aggregation/dispersion, color changes, optical spectrum shift, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), Magnetic separation, and electrical conductivity effects among others. The development of new Designs and approaches to link nano- biomaterials is essential in a post-pandemic world. In this Research Topic, we summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge of nano-bio-conjugates and their applications as Biosensors.
The covid-19 pandemic has demonstrated the urgency of developing new and innovative methods of bio-detection to tackle serious health problems on a global scale. Nanomaterials present several interesting phenomena that are dependent on chemical bonds on their surface. New bioconjugation methods and an understanding of the linking mechanisms between nano and biomaterials are essential for the new nano diagnostic methods. New Designs and approaches to link nano-biomaterials are vital in a post-pandemic world. In this sense, the goal of this Research Topic is to summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge in conjugation between nanomaterials and biomolecules and their applications as Biosensors.
We welcome the submission of Original Research, Review, Mini Review, and Perspective articles on themes including, but not limited to:
• Nanoscale bioconjugates
• Nano-biosensors and Nano-Bioengineering
• Chemical/biological functionalization of Nanomaterials
• Optical, Electrochemical, Colorimetric and Magnetic nano-biosensors • Nano-biosensors characterization and validation
• New approaches to chemical link Nano and Biomaterials