New Chapter Published in Microbial Nanobionics

1st Chapter: Introduction to Nanoscience, Nanomaterials, Nanocomposite, Nanopolymer, and Engineering Smart Materials

Introduction: Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is one of the most important scientific disciplines in which nano-sized (with size of 1 billionth of a meter) materials, tools, and systems are described, produced, and put into use (Bouwmeester et al. 2009). This discipline is not only about miniaturization but also about manipulation of atoms and molecules to control the nanomaterials and/or properties of nanosystems (Serrano et al. 2009). Materials with the size less than 100 nm have some outstanding properties including high surface area, high absorption, dissociation and reactivity, super-paramagnetism, localized surface plasmon resonance, and quantum effects due to their dimensions (Prasad et al. 2016). The development of functional nanomaterials that have many features such as high stability, high performance, and robustness and their use in conventional technologies have led to the emergence of multifunctional nanotechnology-based systems that will accomplish many tasks in one single pass (Saylan et al. 2014).